Saturday, 9 December 2017

Expo Negaraku 2017

Hari ini berpeluang untuk berkunjung ke Expo Negaraku 2017 di Dataran Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur. Sebenarnya expo ini sudah hampir sebulan berlangsung, iaitu bermula pada 15 November dan akan berakhir pada 15 Disember ini. Nasib baik sempat juga datang berkunjung ke sini sebelum ia tamat. 


Expo Negaraku memaparkan sejarah pembangunan negara serta infrastruktur terkini yang telah dan sedang dijalankan. Dibuka bermula pada jam 10 pagi sehingga 10 malam dan masuk adalah PERCUMA. 


Beratur untuk masuk. Pengunjung akan dilepaskan ke dalam kubah secara berperingkat supaya jumlah pengunjung di dalam tidak terlalu ramai pada satu-satu masa. 

Pameran di Expo Negaraku dibahagikan kepada 5 buah kubah, di mana setiap kubah mempunyai tema yang tertentu. Pada mulanya, kami beranggapan pameran di sini tidak ubah seperti pameran di muzium, mahupun ekspo biasa. Namun, telahan kami jauh tersasar. Ini kerana semua pameran di Expo Negaraku adalah berbentuk interaktif dan digital. Jadi, tidaklah bosan, malah sangat mengujakan. 


Kubah 1: Rasa Bertuah Dirasai Bersama 

 Dalam kubah pertama. Menunggu tayangan video 



Kubah 2: Kemudahan Infrastruktur 

Semasa mula-mula masuk Kubah 2 ni, kita kena 'runtuhkan' bukit untuk bina terowong baru boleh masuk ke dalam. Ia menunjukkan bagaimana terowong dibina untuk pembangunan jalan raya, stesen tren bawah tanah dan sebagainya.

Kemudian, kita menuju ke stesen tren LRT untuk ke destinasi seterusnya.

 Menunggu ketibaan tren. 
Dalam tren, kita dibawa menelusuri sepanjang laluan tren yang pelbagai termsuklah LRT, Komuter, MRT dan MyHSR 

 Simulasi bawa tren di China 

 Meninggalkan komen tentang Expo Negaraku atau apa-apa sahaja berkaitan negara 

 Buku Digital. Belek menggunakan isyarat tangan je. 

 Ruangan mewarna untuk kanak-kanak. 

Hasil mewarna diimbas dan dipaparkan di skrin. Gambar yang diwarnakan yang pada asalnya pegun semuanya bergerak. 


Kubah 3: Kehidupan & Kesejahteraan 


 Sejarah telefon. Jika ada telefon yang berdering, sila angkat. Nanti dapat sembang dengan PM. 
p/s: telefon merah tu telefon asal kat rumah mak saya dulu-dulu. 

 Infrastruktur yang ada di negara kita. Setiap lubang ada video disediakan. 


 Pameran bidang pertanian: kelapa sawit & sawah padi 

 Jenis-jenis sumber tenaga di Malaysia. 

 Paparan sumber tenaga tersebut akan menyala apabila disentuh. 

 'On'kan suis dulu, barulah lampu menyala 

 Jom belajar cara-cara menggalah kelapa sawit. 

Video 360 darjah. 

Kubah 4: Gaya Hidup Malaysia 


 Air terjun & jambatan gantung. Menuju ke stesen kereta kabel Langkawi

 Dalam kereta kabel. 
Kita akan dibawa menelusuri Pulau Langkawi, seterusnya projek lebuhraya PLUS.

Masa untuk menunjukkan bakat terpendam. Boleh pilih jenis tarian. Penari iringan akan muncul secara visual. 

Kubah 5: Masa Depan Kita 

Dalam kubah 5, tayangan video adalah secara 360 darjah. Kalau masuk awal, boleh ambil tempat kat bantal empuk merah kat depan tu, lepas tu tengok tayangan sambil baring dan makan popcorn. Macam dalam panggung wayang gituu.... 
Yang lain menyandar ajelah kat palang-palang yang disediakan. 


Selepas habis menjelajah kesemua kubah expo, bolehlah berehat sambil menjamu selera di Makan Makan @Expo Negaraku 2017 yang berhadapan dengan Bangunan Sultan Abdul Samad. Banyak food truck yang menarik dan sedap. Tempat makan juga disediakan.




Rasa sangat berbaloi berkunjung ke Expo Negaraku 2017. Jika anda yang berada di sekitar KL belum datang ke sini, apalagi cepat-cepat plan datang bersama keluarga. Tarikh akhir adalah 15 Disember, Jumaat ni ok. Tengok gambar sahaja tak cukup, haruslah datang rasai sendiri pengalaman interaktif di sini. Bagus untuk pendedahan pada anak-anak supaya lebih peka terhadap perkembangan teknologi terkini di negara kita. Kita yang dewasa ini pun belum tentu lagi tahu semuanya...hehe.....

p/s: cuaca hari ni sangat menyebelahi kami, redup dan nyaman. seronok berjalan-jalan.

Friday, 1 December 2017

Nota Serah Tugas Guru (lengkap)

Baru-baru ini telahpun diumumkan keputusan permohonan pertukaran guru bagi sesi Januari 2018. Nampaknya, kali ini ramai guru yang berjaya dalam permohonan. Buat semua guru yang berjaya, tahniah diucapkan. Bagi yang masih kekal di stesen lama, teruskan usaha & bakti anda.

~ sekadar gambar hiasan ~

Sebelum mengakhiri perkhidmatan di stesen lama, nota serah tugas merupakan satu dokumen yang sangat penting untuk disediakan dan perlu diserahkan kepada sekolah terdahulu sebelum mula berkhidmat di sekolah baru.

Di sini saya kongsikan nota serah tugas yang saya sediakan yang telah siap diisi.

Saya doakan semoga segala urusan perpindahan cikgu-cikgu semua dipermudahkan. Amiinn.....


Muat turun: 

Nota Serah Tugas (word doc.)

Nota Serah Tugas (pdf) 

Wednesday, 15 November 2017

Izinkanku Pergi……


SMKBA yang disayangi
Saat pertama kali ku jejakkan kakiku di sini
Kedamaianmu mencuit rasa
Ketenanganmu menenangkan jiwa
Telah ku pateri suatu janji
Akanku berbakti selagi nafasku tidak terhenti

SMKBA yang disayangi
Di sini kasihku telah tertumpah
Di sini baktiku curah
Di sini memori terukir indah

Tuan Pengetua yang ku sanjungi
Terima kasih untuk segala jasa dan budi
Maaf andai baktiku tidak mencukupi
Ku hargai segala perkongsian dan sokongan
Takkan ku lupa segala bimbingan dan dorongan
Ku doakan agar dikau kan terus tabah mengharungi
Menjadi pemimpin yang lebih disegani
Dan membawa SMKBA ke mercu yang lebih tinggi

Rakan-rakan seperjuangan yang ku hormati
Ku sedar diriku tidak sempurna
Tiadalah pula banyak berjasa
Andai pernah hatimu terluka
Ampun dan maaf hanya dapat ku pinta
Moga luruh segala duka dan lara

Rakan-rakan seperjuanganku
Tidakku pinta diriku dipuji
Cukuplah sekadar aku tidak dikeji
Tidakku harap diriku dipuja
Cukuplah sekadar aku tidak dihina
Tidakku damba diriku disanjungi
Cukuplah sekadar aku tidak dibenci

Anak-anak didikku yang ku kasihi
Terima kasih untuk semua memori
Maaf andai ada lakuku yang tidak kau senangi
Pada setiap tutur kata dan gerak geri
Andai pernah dirimu kumarahi
Percayalah, tidak pernah dirimu kubenci
Kerana kasihku padamu terlalu tinggi
Ku mahu dirimu menjadi insan yang berbudi pekerti

Anak-anak didikku yang ku kasihi
Ku halalkan segala ilmu yang ku beri
Hakikatnya ilmu itu bukan milik diri ini
Tetapi dipinjamkan oleh Ilahi untuk dikongsi
Semoga ianya menjadi bekalan buatmu di kemudian hari
Bangkitlah berbakti, usah lena lagi
Tingkatkan disiplinmu dan tinggalkan kemanjaanmu
Negara dan bangsamu memerlukanmu
Ingatlah
Hanya ilmu yang mampu meninggikan darjatmu
Dan mengubah masa depanmu

SMKBA yang ku sayangi
Sejak hari pertama berita itu menyapa diri
Biarpun senyum terukir di bibir
Biarpun rasa syukur menyelimuti diri
Namun jujur ku tuturkan dari hati
Tiada sehari yang berlalu tanpa air mataku gugur ke bumi
Sesungguhnya berat untukku turuti
Belumku bersedia untuk pergi
Namun telah tertulis sejak azali
Jodoh kita hanya sampai di sini
Tidak perlu kau ingati diri ini
Izinkanku pergi….usahlah kau tangisi

SMKBA yang ku sayangi
Tuan Pengetua yang ku sanjungi
Rakan-rakan seperjuangan yang ku hormati
Dan anak-anak didikku yang ku kasihi
Buat terakhir kali
Terima kasih daun keladi
Akanku bawa bersama segala memori
Semoga takdir menemukan kita kembali
Jika tidak di sini, di syurga abadi.

Sayonara..... SMK Bawang Assan. 


Friday, 3 November 2017

Rumusan Waktu PdPc Setiap Mata Pelajaran Tahun 2018

Tahun 2018 bakal menjadi tahun ke-2 pelaksanaan KSSM melibatkan Tingkatan 1 dan Tingkatan 2. Sementara itu, Tingkatan 3 - 5 masih menggunakan KBSM.


KBSM sebelum ini menggunakan sistem 1 waktu = 40 minit, manakala bagi KSSM pula 1 waktu = 30 minit. Bagi memudahkan jadual waktu dijana, semua m/p bagi semua tingkatan diselaraskan mengikut peruntukan waktu KSSM.

Berikut merupakan rumusan peruntukan waktu PdPc bagi setiap mata pelajaran Ting. 1-5 mengikut panduan KBSM dan KSSM. Ada beberapa bil. waktu bagi sesetengah m/p dibundarkan kepada nombor bulat yang terdekat.






Sumber Rujukan: 

Buku Penerangan KSSM 
Surat Pekeliling Ikhtisas KPM Bil. 9/2016 
Surat Pekeliling Ikhtisas Bil. 8/1990 


Muat turun: 

Rumusan Waktu PdPc 2018 (MS Word) 
Rumusan Waktu PdPc 2018 (pdf) 

Saturday, 23 September 2017

Detective Play Using Chromatography

Introduction

Chromatography is a technique used to separate mixture into its individual components.
This method is commonly used to test ink, food colouring, and other coloured substances. It is widely used in a crime scene investigation. There are several types of chromatography, but we will only discuss paper chromatography.



Activity 1: Food Colouring

Objective: to test mixture of colours in food colouring

Steps:
1.      Draw a line on a rectangular filter paper about 1.5 cm from the bottom by using pencil
2.      Put one drop of each food colouring (red, blue and green) on the line by using toothpick  
3.      Pour 20 ml distilled water into the beaker
4.      Dip the filter paper in the beaker and hang it by using toothpick
5.      Make sure the pencil line is above the water level.
6.      Wait 10-15 minutes
7.      Record your observations.

Results & Observation:

 

Red colour shows slightly orange at the top
Blue colour shows slightly purple
Green colour separates into blue and yellow

Discussion & conclusion:
Red food colouring shows the purest red colour, while green colour is a mixture.



Activity 2: Permanent marker

The steps are the same with Activity 1, only change the food colouring to marker.
We use 3 different colours (red, blue and black) from 3 different brands of markers.


From the results, the ink which traveled the highest is the most soluble in water.
Oppositely, the lowest distance traveled by the ink shows the ink is less soluble in water. So, buy that brand. You don’t want your writing easily wash away if it comes in contact with water, do you?
As for the mixture of colours, you have to test for yourself, as different marker gives different result. You may be surprise with the result.


Activity 3: Detective Play


I ask the students to draw a group symbol. It is hidden from other groups.
Each of the symbols is then put into an envelope.
Next, one group take one envelope (make sure they don’t get their own).
Now, they have to find out the owner of the symbol by testing the ink of the marker used.


Investigation steps:
The students get the sample ink from the note. They use the chromatography technique.
The result is then compared to the ink results from previous activity.
They should be able to find out the brand of the marker used and then name which group owns the symbol.

Result:
Out of 6 groups, 4 groups of students are able to state the correct owner of the symbol.
The fastest group with the correct answer is the winner.



Download the materials:





An Awesome STEM Workshop at RECSAM, Penang

On 9-11 August this year, I joined a STELR STEM workshop which was held at SEAMEO RECSAM, Penang. Since STEM education is actively progressing in Malaysia and has become more important day by day, so I took the opportunity to join the workshop to improve my teaching practice, especially in Science subject.


The workshop was joined by (plus minus) 50 participants from all over Malaysia, including teachers, lecturers, a headmaster, MRSM teachers and Petrosains staffs.



The workshop activities were conducted by experienced and skillfully facilitators.  They were:

Mr. Yuji Otsuka (Japan)
Mr. Edi Syahputra (Indonesia)
Ms. Nur Fitriana (Indonesia)
Ms. Nurazien Hj. Yahya (Brunei)
Ms. Suzanah Hj. Kurus (Brunei)
Mr. Norhailmi Abdul Mutalib a.k.a Cikgu Hailmi (Malaysia)

The opening ceremony of the workshop was launched by Dr. Nur Jayhan Ahmad, the Deputy Director of R&D in SEAMEO RECSAM.


After that, Cikgu Hailmi talked about STEM, its characteristics and also teaching and learning strategies for STEM. Next, we had a simple and quick ice breaking session handled by Cikgu Hailmi. Then we were divided into two groups for the rest of the workshop activities.


Here are some of the hands-on activities that we have done during the 3-days workshop:

1. Strongest Bridge Competition

This was one of the most interesting and enjoyable activity. We were given a bucket of newspapers, scissor and cellophane tape only. We need to use our own creativity to create a bridge model. Luckily, I’ve done this before with my students, so at least we got the basic idea.



After the bridges have been built, their strength was tested by using bricks.

final round: only the base of the bridge left..haha.... 

Surprisingly, my group has won the competition even though our bridge lack of creativity and art. Haha…..     


2. Water Treatment Process

I am sure teachers are very familiar with this activity. It is usually done during the topic of ‘water treatment process’ (Science KBSM form 2, chapter 5). Well, usually we will discuss the basic concept with the students, discuss the layer, which should be the first layer, which is the last, what type of substance should be used etc etc……right?


Here, we are given more variety of substances, including pebbles, stones, marbles, sand, tissue and cotton wool. We need to decide for ourselves for how many layers do we want and which substances to be used. We build 2 models, where one layer has become the manipulative variable. Then, we compare which model can produce clearer water.


From this activity, the students will be more independent and creative, but can still focus on the main purpose and concept. Teachers can make it as a project-based learning for students. 


3. Climate Change

This activity is related to global issues like global warming, ice melting and increasing rate of carbon dioxide in air.

How is ice melting affect South Pole and North Pole?


Since North Pole is located on the ocean (Arctic Ocean), the icebergs are floating on the sea surface. When they melt, the sea level does not much affect. (Concept of matter: occupy space).
However, South Pole is located on a continent (Antarctic). The ice sheet sits on the land surface with approximately 9,000 ft (2,700 m) thick. So, when the ice melts, it will increase the sea level.

After the introduction, we did some activity to test the effect of increasing rate of carbon dioxide to the surrounding temperature.
    


4. Natural Acid-Base Indicator

Chemistry lover will surely love this! We use purple cabbage to test acidity and basicity of a substance, and then arrange all the substances according to their acidity range.


How to prepare the indicator?
Just submerge the purple cabbage in the water overnight, and then use the water straight away. Or you can also blend the cabbage with water.



5. Conductive & Insulating Dough

Some students don’t like electricity topic (including teachers, I am one of them..hehe…).
So, how can we make the activity more interesting and encourage our students to build electrical circuits in a more creative way? Use conductive dough and insulating dough.

Conductive dough is a dough (commonly known as plasticine) which can conduct electricity, while the insulating dough cannot. It is because of the ingredients, where the conductive dough uses acidic substance (lime / lemon) as one of the ingredients.

Preparation of conductive dough was shown by our facilitators, while we prepared the insulating dough which was much easier. After that, we create an electrical circuit by shaping the dough into whatever shapes we like and connect it with colourful LEDs.

the colourful ones are the conductive dough, while the plain coloured is the insulating dough 

my group's product 

Products from other groups: 





We can also do this activity at home with our children. Making the dough ourselves make it  less harm, less chemical and less cost. 

6. Renewable Energy: Solar & Wind

This slot was conducted by Mr. Yuji Otsuka from Japan, a well-known country for their sustainable development using renewable energy. The activities were experimental-based. We did two experiments, one for solar energy and another one for wind energy. The objectives of the experiments were to find out at what angle and position of the solar panel and windmill that can produce highest energy.


if only my physics lecturer explained to me like this during my years in univ. 

building a windmill 


solar energy converted to sound energy 


7. Project-based Learning (PBL)

We did a project using recycled car toys to form electrical energy from kinetic energy of water. 




You can see the details in the video HERE 


To be honest, only after I attend this workshop I can fully understand the differences between problem-based learning and project-based learning. Both are called PBL, quite similar but differ in some ways.

In problem-based learning, students are more independent; they think of the problem / issue by themselves and come up with suggestions / solutions for the issue.

In project-based learning, they must create a product and the teacher can guide students along the way. Refer to the diagram below:   
source: http://www.cikguhailmi.com/


Closure

I am so grateful for taking the opportunity to attend this workshop. It was really worth taking 3 days off from school and to travel all the way from Sibu-KL-Penang. The experience was really great and I learnt a lot about STEM approach. It’s not enough just by attending common 3-hours course where we just sit and listen. Teachers need more hands-on workshop like this.

All the activities during the workshop were carefully prepared by our dearest facilitators based on the module from ATSE (Australian Academy of Technology and Engineering). Some of the activities were altered to make it simpler and easy to handle with minimal cost.

I share the activities here so that the other teachers who didn’t get to attend the workshop can also get the benefit from it. But all the credits go to ATSE, SEAMEO, RECSAM, all the facilitators and the participants. And of course, getting the idea through reading cannot be the same with first-hand experience. So, if you are interested to attend a workshop like this, like and follow SEAMEO RECSAM (Malaysia) on their official FB page.

Lastly, I would like to express my gratitude once again to RECSAM Penang for organizing this wonderful workshop, to Dr. Nur Jayhan, the kind-hearted secretariat Ms. Tiana and all the great facilitators. Just like what I said during the reflection slot, from scale 1-10, I give 11 for my overall experience.



Last but not least, to all my group members specifically and all the participants generally. It was great knowing all of you guys.

my awesome group members: anita, shima, kak faridah & kak siti baizura 

Thank you. Until we meet again………..


*Notes*
* STELR: Science and Technology Education Leveraging Relevance
* STEM: Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics
* SEAMEO: Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization
* RECSAM: Regional Centre for Education in Science and Mathematics


External links & references:

Project: The GreenWall